Tomorrow, Remembrance Day (also known as Armistice Day) — remembers the agreement between the Allies and Germany on November 11, 1918, to stop fighting which marked a victory for the Allies.
It was signed in Compiegne in Northern France and came into effect at 11am. The armistice forced the Germans to evacuate invaded countries and territories, to surrender a significant amount of war material such as guns and planes.
Germany, a nation with hungry citizens exhausted by war, reluctantly accepted the terms. Although hostilities continued in some areas, the armistice brought an end to fours years of fighting in the First World War.
135 men from the Surf Coast Shire died during WW1 buried in Australia (6), At Sea (2), Belgium (22), Egypt (3), England (1), France (73), India (1), Iraq (2), Palestine (4), and Turkey – Gallipoli (21) LEST WE FORGET
The war to end all wars was not to be. Remembrance Day is also a reminder that many have died in conflict since World War 1 and that today there are many on active service.
This week is also NAIDOC Week. A time to remember and recognize Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders who have served and continue to serve our country.
Since the Boer War, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders have fought for Australia. It is known at present that at least 1000 First Nation peoples served in the First World War with 13 are known to have been killed in action fighting at Gallipoli.
After the First World War, Indigenous veterans found their war service did not bring an end to discrimination.
It is estimated 3,000 Indigenous Australians served in the Second World War. Around 745 of these joined the Torres Strait Light Infantry Battalion formed specifically to defend the Torres Strait.
The number of Indigenous Australians who served in the First and Second World Wars vary greatly. As ethnicity was not noted on enlistment documents, an accurate figure will never be known.
Indigenous Australians have served and continue to serve with the Australian Defence Force in conflicts and other operations around the world.
Indigenous servicemen of the First World War
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