Wathaurong acknowledged as owners of Wurdi Youang astrological stone arrangement with traditional knowledge of the site’s sanctity.

The state governments of Australia formally apologise to the Aboriginal people [1]

The Commonwealth parliament introduces The Native Title Act. It was amended in 1998 & 2006.

The High Court rejected doctrine of Terra Nullius and concluded that consequently Native Title could have survived on lands where it had not been extinguished.

Aboriginal Education Policy becomes mandatory for all schools. Aboriginal women, some as young as 13, are forcibly sterilised with the drug Depro Provera (made by Pfizer) despite serious side effects and being …

Commonwealth government returns Uluru Kata-Tjuta National Park (including Uluru/Ayer’s Rock) in the NT to its traditional Aboriginal owners.

Enrolment and voting in Commonwealth elections is now compulsory for Aboriginal people.

The Aboriginal Child Placement Principle, is incorporated in NT welfare legislation to ensure that Indigenous children are placed with Indigenous families when adoption or fostering is necessary. This is followed …

Victorian Premier John Cain announces legislation is to be passed recognising the Aboriginal ownership of the Framlingham Forest near Warrnambool.

Michael Anderson, the only surviving founder of the Aboriginal Tent Embassy, becomes the first Aboriginal Australian to address the United Nations.

Cyril Kennedy (Australian Labor Party) is the first Aboriginal person to be elected to the Victorian Legislative Council, representing the electorate of Waverley. The first Aboriginal parliamentarian, Neville Bonner, receives the Australian …

Land titles are granted to 15 Aboriginal Land Trusts in the Northern Territory.

Neville Perkins (Australian Labor Party) is elected to the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly, becoming the first Aboriginal person to hold a shadow portfolio. He is appointed deputy leader of the …

Racial Discrimination Act is passed in the federal parliament. Yorta Yorta man Sir Douglas Ralph Nicholls is appointed Governor of South Australia. He is the first non-white person to serve as the governor of …

The Whitlam (Labor) government abolishes the White Australia Policy and introduces a policy of self-determination. The change provides the right to cultural and linguistic maintenance and management of natural resources …

Neville Bonner becomes the first Aboriginal Member of Parliament, filling a casual Senate vacancy. In 1972 he is elected on the Liberal Party ticket in Queensland. Senator Bonner continues to represent Queensland …

First named Aboriginal person honoured on an Australian stamp. Artist Albert Namatjira appears on the Famous Australians issue. He was also the first Aboriginal person to be accepted as a citizen of …

Referendum to amend the Australian constitutions in ways that gave Aboriginal people citizenship rights, free movement, right to choose their government & have uniform laws made by the Commonwealth for …

South Australia passes an Aboriginal Lands Trust Bill and the Prohibition of Discrimination Bill, the first state act prohibiting discrimination on grounds of race, colour or country of origin.

After entering in 1963, Charles Perkins becomes the first Aboriginal university graduate at University of Sydney with a Bachelor of Arts. He is also the first Aboriginal Australian to graduate …

All Victorian Aborigines are finally given voting rights for the first time.

Aboriginal people become eligible for social service benefits. The conference marks the beginning of a modern land rights movement and widespread awakening by non-Aboriginal Australians to claims for justice by …

Federal Council for the Advancement of Aborigines is set up. It group brings together a number of civil rights and Aboriginal welfare organisations. Its work plays a large part in bringing about …

Victorian Aborigines Welfare Board replaces the Board for the Protection of Aborigines. The Welfare Board is abolished in 1967.

Queen Elizabeth visits Australia for the first time and in Canberra signs the Aborigines Welfare Ordinance 1954 that permits the ethnic cleansing of the Australian Capital Territory, clearing it of resident Aboriginal people.

Atomic tests are conducted on Maralinga lands at Emu Field, South Australia. They are code named Operation Totem. A black cloud passes and hundreds of families are forced to leave their …

The federal government convenes the Australian Conference for Native Welfare, with all states and territories represented except Victoria and Tasmania, which claim to have no Aboriginal ‘problem’. The conference officially …

Aboriginal children assimilate into NSW local schools, if all other parents agree. This right of veto is removed in 1960.