Aboriginal people are given the right to enrol and vote at federal elections provided they are entitled to enrol for state elections or have served in the armed forces. The Convention on the …

The Commonwealth Citizenship and Nationality Act 1948 for the first time makes all Australians, including all Aboriginal people, Australian citizens. But at state level they still suffer legal discrimination.

Aboriginal children need a medical certificate to attend public schools.

Formation of the Torres Straight Light Infantry Battalion. 880 men enlist, about 90% of the total male population of the Islands. Their discipline and work ethic sees them in high regard among …

Darwin is bombed by the Japanese. In Arnhem Land, Aboriginal people make up a special reconnaissance unit in defence of Australia. Northern Territory Aboriginal missions are evacuated. Many Aboriginal people evacuated after …

The Child Endowment Act is passed but declares no endowment should be paid to dependent Aboriginal people.

White Australia policy succeeds: 99% of Australia’s 7 million people are white. In the 1940s most federal social security benefits are extended to Aboriginal people.

World War II begins. Although Aboriginal people are not recognised as citizens, two Aboriginal military units are established and some Aboriginal people serve in other sections of the armed forces …

Central Australian Aboriginal painter, Albert Namatjira, holds his first exhibition in Melbourne. All 41 works are sold in three days. He combines European painting techniques (mainly watercolours) with subject matter …

Segregationist practices continue until 1960s with separate sections in theatres, separate wards in hospitals, hotels refusing drinks and schools able to refuse enrolment to Aboriginal children. The governments in the …

The Arnhem Land Reserve is declared.

Australian Aborigines League is established in Melbourne.

Victorian Yorta Yorta man William Cooper petitions the King to have an Aboriginal representative in the federal House of Representatives, the main chamber of the national Australian parliament. A similar …

Australian Aborigines Progressive Association formed.

Beginning of WWI. Approximately 400 to 500 Aboriginal children continue to be removed from their families during the period 1914 to 1918, including children whose fathers are overseas at war. …

Roper River Aboriginal man Aya-I-Ga, known as Neighbour, is awarded the prestigious Albert Medal by King George V after he saved Constable W F Johns from drowning. It is the first time that a …

The Victorian Aborigines Act permitted the Board for Protection of Aborigines to help ‘half-castes’ by licensing needy persons to live on stations.

The Invalid and Old Age Pensioner Act provides social security for some but not for Aboriginal people. The United Aborigines Mission establishes the Bomaderry Aboriginal Children’s Home in Nowra, NSW, after several orphaned children …

During the Boer War about 50 Aboriginal trackers are summonsed by the British forces in South Africa to join the war to locate Boer fighters. When Australian forces withdraw later that year, the trackers …

Aboriginal people are excluded from the vote, pensions, employment in post offices, enlistment in armed forces and maternity allowance. Federation – The Commonwealth Constitution states “in reckoning the numbers of people… …