Beginning of a six-year period of resistance to white settlement by Aboriginal people in the Hawkesbury and Parramatta areas. Known as the ‘Black Wars’.

The Richmond Hill battle is considered to be the first recorded battle between Aboriginal people defending their country against the British.

The Hawkesbury and Nepean Wars between Aboriginal people and white invaders start in NSW. Led by Pemulwuy and his son Tedbury, Aboriginal people raid stations or assault sheep and cattle …

A catastrophic smallpox epidemic decimates the Eora Aboriginal people of Port Jackson, Botany Bay and Broken Bay.

18 January – armed tender, HMS Supply arrives at Botany Bay just ahead of the First Fleet (Alexander, Friendship, Scarborough) the following day. 26 January – Captain Arthur Phillip RN, …

April  – Captain James Cook claims possession of the whole east coast of Australia for the British Crown on Possession Island, a small island in the Torres Strait Islands. Many history classes …